If you’ve ever attempted to follow a recipe or watch a cooking show you know what it’s like to come across a term or tool you’ve heard before, but only kinda-sorta-maybe know what it means. It can be frustrating to finally work up the energy to make something, only to be tripped up by jargon that makes you wonder whether you’re supposed to heat something, cool something, or chop it into tiny pieces.

Sure, being able to drop “brunoise” and “confit” casually in conversation sounds pretty impressive—especially if you can pronounce them correctly—but it’s even cooler if you know what they mean, as well as how to actually apply them.

Study this list of 20 common kitchen tools and techniques so that you won’t have to rely on your iPhone for the definition of truss next time your hands are wrist-deep in a chicken. 

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